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Relating grass failure on the landside slope to wave overtopping induced excess normal stresses
Ponsioen, L.; van Damme, M.; Hofland, B.; Peeters, P. (2019). Relating grass failure on the landside slope to wave overtopping induced excess normal stresses. Coast. Eng. 148: 49-56. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2018.12.009
In: Coastal Engineering: An International Journal for Coastal, Harbour and Offshore Engineers. Elsevier: Amsterdam; Lausanne; New York; Oxford; Shannon; Tokyo. ISSN 0378-3839; e-ISSN 1872-7379, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Author keywords
    Wave overtopping; Wave impact method; Cumulative overload method; Grass failure; Levee

Auteurs  Top 
  • Ponsioen, L.
  • van Damme, M.
  • Hofland, B.
  • Peeters, P., meer

Abstract
    A high quality safety assessment of levee systems requires a good prediction of when the grass cover of levees fail. Current methods relate the onset of failure to the peak in momentum or energy of the flow, instead of the peak in momentum transfer or energy transfer to the grass cover. The critical velocity necessary in the current methods is thereby difficult to quantify. In line with determining the peak in momentum transfer to the grass, here is shown that the onset of damage of the grass cover can be related to the peak normal stresses acting on the grass cover during wave overtopping. The peak in momentum transfer is thereby assumed to be located at the point of reattachment of the flow with the landside slope. The method is validated against the results of two wave overtopping experiments and benchmarked against the cumulative overload method. An advantage of this method is thereby that both the time and location of the onset of damage can be predicted.

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